Fondly known as the blue planet, our home is 70% covered in water. This makes the fact that 20% of the earth's population doesn’t have access to clean water supply all the more shocking. The truth is, we only have access to a small fraction of the planet’s water. 2.5% of the water is freshwater, and much of this is stored in glaciers, leaving 1% of the world's supply ready for us to use. Water shortages are a serious threat to parts of the world where rainwater is sparse, leaving populations to rely on other means to gather water for drinking and sanitation.
Oceanwater is dense in salt and the saline heavy solution is not suitable for human consumption. This is where desalinisation comes in. The idea of removing the salt from the ocean water ready to send to homes makes a lot of sense at first glance. After all, it would open up a near unlimited source of water. The issue is more complex than the surface would suggest. The process is expensive, energy-intensive and has a kno